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Regional Workshop on Implementation of Weather- and Climate-related Services in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in Asia

The Royal Kingdom of Bhutan hosted the WMO Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Weather- and Climate-related Services in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in Asia, in Thimphu from 9 to 11 September 2014. The regional workshop brought together participants from the following 8 National Meteorological and Hydrological Services of WMO Regional Association II (Asia): Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Myanmar and Yemen.

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Participants at the WMO Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Weather- and Climate-related Services in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in Asia, in Thimphu from 9 to 11 September 2014

One of the major topics addressed by the workshop was the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) implementation at Regional and National level. The other themes addressed by the workshop were: the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) and the implementation of the National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS), the Public Weather Services and Service Delivery, and Capacity Development.


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Mr. Dasho Sonam Tshering, Secretary of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of Bhutan in his opening speech (left) and Mr. Karma Tsering, PR of Bhutan, Director of Department of Hydromet Services, in his introductory remarks (right)

Immediate priorities include the improvement in quality and availability of observations, the provision of tailored weather forecasts and warnings and climate prediction to support decision makers, establishing national frameworks for weather- and climate-related services, enabling better linkages with users, improving forecast products and public weather services as well as implementing the recently published WMO Strategy for Service Delivery (SSD) using its Implementation Plan (IP).


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Visit to the Thimphu Meteorological Station of the Department of Hydro Met Services (DHMS) of Bhutan


The workshop made the following recommendations regarding the observations in the LDCs in Asia:
(Note: The final report of the mission is expected to be available in December 2014)

1. Participating Members are willing to share their observations from automatic systems (AWS, Radars, …), but they need technical assistance to produce and distribute observations in compatible data formats, especially in TDCF (BUFR); All participating Members;
2. Participating Members need technical assistance in regard to the planning and upgrading of observing systems:
a. Bhutan needs to upgrade/expand the observing system for aviation purposes in and around the region of Paro international airport
b. Nepal has plans to upgrade its national observing systems and needs assistance in AWOS for airports; Needs to find suitable location for weather Radar;
c. Yemen also needs technical assistance for upgrading aviation observing systems;
d. Lao PDR needs assistance in implementing upper-air systems and AWOS stations in some airports;
e. Cambodia needs assistance in upgrading observing network for aviation;
3. Participating Members need assistance in development of MoU with 3rd party observing systems regarding the exchange of observations for the benefit of NMHS – All
4. Participating Members request assistance for the national implementation of WIGOS – All
5. Members acknowledge the issue of mercury instruments as a result of Minamata convention and expressed their concern regarding the necessary resources for the replacement of such instruments – All
6. Members need assistance regarding hydro-meteorological observing systems policy for the mandates of their NMHS – Bhutan
7. Some Members are willing to host a WIGOS national implementation pilot-project – Bangladesh, Nepal